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The variants of Glycogen Storage Disease

There are around 16 variants of GSD plus sub-variants, making about 25 in total. They are classified by a number and by the name of the defective enzyme, and sometimes by the name of the doctor who first described the condition.

(As an example: GSD1, a defect in the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase, is also known as Von Gierke disease. It is subdivided into 1a and 1b.)

We provide information on the lead GSDs

You can follow the links in the display list to read about the lead GSDs. The UK patient numbers for these lead GSDs vary from under 20 to over 300. For each GSD the degree of support needed, the amount known about them, and the availability of treatments also varies considerably.

The main GSDs, with groupings

The various GSDs can be informally, and somewhat imperfectly, grouped by certain key aspects:

Hepatic (GSD1) – Orange –
Hepatic/Ketotic (GSDs 0, 3, 6 & 9) – Green –
Lysosomal (GSD2) – Yellow –
Muscle (GSDs 4, 5 & 7) – Blue –

Rather confusingly GSDs 0, 3, 4 and 9 have both liver and muscle aspects or sub-types, but we have grouped them by their main attributes.

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GSD0

Liver and muscle forms. UK diagnosed: under 20.

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GSD1 - Von Gierke disease

Liver. UK diagnosed: about 300.

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GSD2 - Pompe disease

NeuromuscularUK diagnosed: about 200.

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GSD3 - Cori disease

Liver, but two sub types involve muscle. UK diagnosed: about 150.

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GSD4 - Andersen disease

Liver and muscle forms. UK diagnosed: about 50.

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GSD5 - McArdle disease

Skeletal muscle. UK diagnosed: about 350.

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GSD6 - Hers disease

Liver. UK diagnosed: about 50.

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GSD7 - Tarui disease

Skeletal muscle. UK diagnosed: under 20.

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GSD9

Liver and muscle forms. UK diagnosed: about 150.

Notes:

How we arrive at “UK diagnosed” figures

Our figures for the number of people diagnosed in the UK with each GSD are our best estimates.

These are based on: various incidence rates published by medical sources; an AGSD-UK audit of English NHS specialist centres; our own figures from members and other people registered with us; and our experience of the rate of diagnosis.

Extra rare GSDs

Two for which we have some information

There are currently about a dozen ultra rare GSDs. We have some information on two of them which have a tiny number of people affected in the UK.

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Danon disease (sometimes called GSD2b)

Neuromuscular. UK diagnosed: under 5.

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Lafora disease

Cells throughout the body. UK diagnosed: under 5.

GSDs for which we have only links to other resources

Our mission is to support people affected by all GSDs, no matter how rare. So far only one or two of these GSDs have any diagnosed UK patients. We have a list of them with links to other resources. If you are affected we would like to hear from you.

Read about these other very rare GSDs.

Maps of people with GSDs

For some GSDs we are in touch with almost all affected in the UK, but for other GSDs we are only in touch with a subset. The reasons are varied, from a low rate of diagnosis, to not being told of our existence snd not feeling the need for any information or support. Others make use of our information but do not register with us.

We are continually improving our outreach through clinicians and through raising awareness.

Our maps give a good impression of numbers and geographical spread of people with the various GSDs  who have registered with us.

See the maps of people with GSDs in the UK.